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by Archaeology Newsroom

Chipped Stone Implements in the Bronze Age

The technology of chipped stone is related with the strategic choices that have been made in order the raw material used for the fashioning of stone implements to be obtained and shaped. The technology of chipped stone in the Bronze Age Aegean, which is examined as regards its obtainment, production and use or consumption, is a complex phenomenon that is connected to the new technical, economic and cultural parameters formed after the third millennium B.C.. Significant changes are observed as regards the way the raw material is obtained as well as the transport and use of obsidian in the Cyclads and its distribution from there to Eastern Greece and to the broader area of its dissemination. It has been ascertained an expansion of the transport network of this volcanic glass to Northern Greece and Eastern Aegean and to the Asia Minor coastal area. Concurrently, new networks of transporting obsidian from remote sources of this material appear, such as the Carpathians and Cappadocia, The production of obsidian blades is the result of the widely spread pressure technique used in the manufacture of elongated prismatic blades. As regards consumption, the Bronze Age retouched implements are few. Blades are mainly used for basic activities in the household or for more specialized ones in the workshop. The discovery of obsidian blades in a particular context, like that of a burial, implies the use of this artifact in areas having a symbolic meaning. In conclusion, the third and second millennium B.C. marks the end of this sophisticated chipped stone technology.