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by Archaeology Newsroom

The Graces and the weaving of colour textiles

Aristotle’s fifth book of the Ethical Nicomacheia is devoted to the problem of fair balance. In those cases where good cannot be counterbalanced with good, there can be no reciprocity. Social coherence is also founded on reciprocity, according to the same Greek philosopher of the fourth century BC. The Graces are responsible for a continuous flow of offerings and services. The great importance given to the Graces where the proper function of society is concerned, is also reflected on their role in the various feasts. The decorated textiles, embellished with patterns, as woven by the Graces in a godly environment, hold a special symbolic meaning, since, when someone belongs to a certain group, it is visually conveyed through them. Thus, through this visual property, the Graces at the same time exercised the function of social incorporation, a function which must not be underestimated and which is only partially conveyed by the notion of reciprocity.