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by Archaeology Newsroom

Thessaloniki after the Turkish conquest

After 1430, when Thessaloniki was conquered by the Turks, the city follows the destiny of the rest of enslaved Hellenism. The settlement of Spanish-Jews in the city in the 15th century creates a heterogenous and mixed population, also consisting of Moslems and Christian Greeks, that becomes a determining factor in the city’s development. The post-byzantine churches, representing the art created under Turkish rule, served as nuclei for the religious and communal life of Christians. Thus, churches form a group of monuments of the same historical period and belong to the type of three-aisled basilica with a timber roof. This style prevails throughout Greek territory in the 18th and 19th centuries. Church interiors are decorated with wood-carvings, indispensable to every post-Byzantine church.