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by Archaeology Newsroom

Women’s attire on Crete during Venetian domination

Donors’ likenesses in wall-painted churches of Crete (13th – 16th century A.D.), written documents (wills and dowry agreements) and finally travellers’ descriptions are the sources for studying the Cretan woman’s attire during the Venetian occupation of the island (1210-1669). The Byzantine traditional attire consists of four garments, the υποκάμισον, καμίσιον, γρανάτζα and μαντύ. Until the first decades of the fifteenth century this attire occurs remarkably often in pictures of donors. However, already by the late fourteenth century the Western attire appears and progressively displaces fully the Byzantine dress.