In the framework of the Cycladic Seminar, Dr Jörg Rambach will present the topic “Romanos Early Helladic settlement project, Kalamata/Pylos. Evidence of contact between the Cyclades and the Peloponnese in the late 4th and 3rd millennia BC”.
Due to his lengthy professional service in the Western Peloponnese, first in Ancient Olympia and later continuing to the present in Kalamata, the speaker had the opportunity to participate in various excavations as well as to serve as the director of the Ministry of Culture excavations in Elis and Messenia. In two of these excavations he had an unexpected encounter with his archaeological “Cycladic” past.
The first excavation relates to the discovery of a cemetery with chamber tombs dated from the Early Helladic I period in Ancient Elis (Kalyvia) in 2004 (see poster). It is a cemetery that presents several Cycladic and/or Aegean elements both in the construction of the tombs and in the grave offerings (fig. 1). It is also notable for continued use in two phases as well as for a marked change in both the burial customs and the construction of the tombs from one phase to another. Noteworthy is a cist grave of Cycladic type, which was discovered a short distance from the cemetery of the chamber tombs.
The second excavation, which revealed important Cycladic-Aegean elements (fig. 2), was carried out from 2007 to 2011 as a rescue excavation at Romanos in Pylia at the location of the Costa Navarino hotel complex. Among other finds, parts of an extensive settlement of the Early Helladic II period were discovered. This had already been established in the Early Helladic I period or in the transitional phase between the Early Helladic I and the Early Helladic II period. The settlement of the Early Helladic II period can be considered as a trade hub on the sea route from the Aegean to the Ionian Sea.
The seminar is organized by Marisa Marthari.