This article is only part of a major study on concrete proposals for the creation of social infrastructure — especialy in the rural areas of the province of Kozani —and on the investigation of the potentialities offered by traditional architecture Traditional mansions preserved in settlements like Siatista, Eratyra etc., are discussed here. These stately edifices instead of being treated as works of art can house modern activities, like libraries or educational, recreational centres for children, in this way meeting basic social needs of the area.