The “Kalamakia” cave, on the west shore of Mani, shows significant deposits of the last Mesoglacial and Glacial period.The archaeological strata date from the first half of the last Mesoglacial period and belong to the Middle Palaeolithic period. The discovery of successive layers of habitation supplied information about the “dwelling” habits of Palaeolithic man and the organization of space, while it also brought to light stone “structures”. Almost all bone remains belong to wild goats and deer. The implements, mainly scrapers and points, are of good quality; they are made of a great variety of rocks, some of which had been brought from far away.