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by Archaeology Newsroom

Stone tools of the Low Palaeolithic period from Nea Artaki in Euboea and their significance

In the last seven years the site of Nea Artaki in Euboea has displayed evidence of prehistoric settlement sites, beside other archaeological evidence. A total of 3.500 stone tools have been recovered from the area by now, which can easily be assigned to different workshops of Palaeolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic times. The 307 Lower Palaeolithic tools collected so far have been analysed statistically for their variable types, techniques and functions and can be clearly classified into early and late types. They include 24 hand-axes, 2 picks, 12 choppers, 10 pounder-cutters, 16 scrapers, 7 cleavers, 78 cores, 60 flakes, 9 hammerstones, 61 unfinished and 28 broken tools. All the forementioned tools come from four different locations that form two distinct clusters.

On the base of the attributional analysis of the finds one can assume that during the entire Lower Palaeolithic period the area was inhabited by eight population groups clearly distinguishable from one another.