The author of the article first makes a concise reference to the theoretical approach of space during Prehistoric antiquity i.e., its development, organization and use. The purpose of this reference is to present, in codified form, not only general theoretical schemes which serve to identify the analysis of intra- and inter- community relations developing in this space.Those schemes which are formulated as general conclusions are also presented. Since the author considers the settlement as the basic objective measurement for the study of space, he attempts to formulate proposals regarding “space archaeology”. The first proposal has to do with the introduction of the term “ecospace”, in which the concepts of organization and use coexist. The other proposals concern the way Prehistoric settlements develop and are relevant to their functional “properties”. Thus, two development procedures are acccepted by the author: (a) the diachronic and (b) the synchronic. In the former the research approach refers to the identification and analysis of the elements responsible for the form of a settlement; while in the latter it tries to recognize four ways of synchronic development, (a) the cyclic, (b) the solid, (c) the polycentric and (d) the vertical to the productive source.