“A collection of more than 6,000 toys, dating from antiquity (copies) until the beginning of the 1960’s decade, as well as hundreds of rare children’s books compose the core of the Museum of History of Children’s Toys and Books which is going to be established soon at Myrina, on Lemnos island. In accordance with the other objectives of the museum, the creation of a relevant research center has been scheduled, aiming to the investigation of all aspects regarding the symbolic dimension of children’s game, its socio-anthropolo-gical extension and financial parameter as well as its educational and therapeutic role.