The happy for the Athenians conclusion of the Persian wars made the until then obscure sanctuary of Nemesis famous. The renowned statue of the goddess Nemesis, a work by Pheidias’ pupil Agorakritos, maintained its fame until the end of the ancient world. Τhe equally important relief representation decorating the statue ‘s base shows Helen to be led by Leda, her stepmother, and by Nemesis, her natural mother. Nemesis personifies retributive, divine justice but also order, moderation and balance. In the Ramnous sanctuary, the religious centre of Ramnous municipality, the ruins of two temples prevail, the smallest of whch scholars relate to Themis, goddess of justice, who was also worshiped here. Excavations of recent years have brought to light much new data concerning the religious and political life of the Ramnous municipality.