Caves were in use throughout the Palaeolithic era primarily as dwelling places and secondarily, in later phases, as burial sites and “sanctuaries”. Although they were not the only habitation places of Palaeolithic man, the practice of the archaeologists to attempt Palaeolithic excavations only in caves has contributed to the dissemination of the myth of the “Man of the Caves”. Modern research into the Palaeolithic era focuses both on caves and open-air sites, since the information supplied by these sources is complementary to each other.