Byzantine studies progress steadily, but slowly. Nevertheless, research on Byzantine women has been exceptionally developed during the last three decades. This article focuses on relevant studies presenting a broad spectrum of new methodological approach. Women and law, women and economic activity, women and religious practice were the three avenues that were firstly exploited in the 1970s and early 1980s, and as a result, Byzantine women were placed in the social-economic context of their time. Then, from 1985 onwards, the shift from “empirical ” to gender oriented research did show the importance of the aforementioned studies for the reconstruction of the world perception of the Byzantines.