Communication with the public is the essence of “public archaeology” and museology. It is also important to educational programs for children. In context of the lesson Archaeology and History of Art which is taught at The Aristotelian University of Thessaloniki, a discussion took place “on how Greek and European experience in general on modern style education can be applied to the teaching of History and Culture in Primary and Secondary schools” (July 1998-March 2000). Specifications were set for Greek educational programs having to do with museums and archaeology in general. Greek experience on such matters was compared to programs of the same type that have been applied in Great Britain, Germany and France. Alternative approaches to archaeology as experienced by children were also discussed.