The concerns of the local society of his province come down to us in Artemidoros’s writings (dreambook), although he is not versed in theory, has no method and is naïve. Was there a political side to the interpretation of dreams in pre-homeric years? Aristotle would be dismissive of the prophetic, godsent , inspired character attributed to dreams , while at the Inviolate Gallery (the Avaton) of Asklepius at Epidaurus, the supplicants dreamt incubational dreams that were expected to cure them of whatever “trauma” they suffered from. The author of the oldest Christian novel thought up a dream as the prologue to his narrative, a dream that is invented by the novel’s heroine. In a prison in late antiquity, Perpetua keeps a diary of her god-inspired dreams.