During the later Mycenaean age (LH III B, C period, which is 13th -11th cent. BC), an intense settlement activity is observed in the geographically closed terrain of the plain of Krani on the island of Cephalonia. The clusters of tombs at Kokkolata, Mazarakata, Metaxata, Lakithra and Diakata show evidence of corresponding villages built on the slopes of the hills around the plain. The whole area most probably formed an administrative unit, a kingdom, and its Centre was the Acropolis of Krani on the innermost spot of the bay (the present Koutavos Bay). The analysis of the content of the tombs (kterismata) and the funeral ritual and customs are, for the time being, the main source of information about the level of civilization of the inhabitants and their contacts with other areas of the Mycenaean world. The complete presentation and scientific elaboration of the finds of the tombs along with the anthropological examination of the bones found in them are still an ongoing the pursuits of a research program in the area still in process.