The assemblage of sources and indications about dance in Byzantium, published by Phaedon Koukoules in 1938, still remains a valuable treatise owing to the scientific material located by the profound specialist in the public and private life of the Byzantines; and to the fact that since then an overall presentation of the subject has not been attempted. However, the “reading” of these sources poses quite many methodological problems, which create serious side effects as regards their factual conclusions, although they also characterize the work of the Greek literati of that period and can be answered by the then prevailing priorities.