Soon after the industrial revolution, technology became independent in content and function of the societies that produced it. Technological production is organically part of the logic of capitalism and one of the prerequisites on which capitalistic development and its inquiries are founded. The autonomy of technology has affected not only the position of the working classes within the framework of the productive procedure, but also the content of their work. On the other hand, the obstacles and objective difficulties in applying technology has worsened the position of underdeveloped countries regarding international productive activity. Under these circumstances the challenge for new orientations is always open.