The animals and plants play an important role in the understanding of ancient societies. They are not only environmental indicators, but they also reveal information about the food, economy, burial customs, diseases and everyday life in antiquity in general.

A plethora of evidence, resulting from the research on the animal and plant residues, comes from many important prehistoric sites of Cyprus. Mammals, birds, fish, shells and plants are called with their common but also their scientific names and unfold their wealth. However, the study of the relevant bibliography is indispensable for those who are particularly interested in this subject.