My long and persistent study of the texts of antiquity, on which archaeologists and other specialists were based for the identification of the dead buried in the royal tombs of Vergina, led to certain conclusions, which contradict the so far relevant arguments In short, the results of my research are the following: The bones found in the grave I belong to Queen Cleopatra and to her baby child. The bones recovered in the grave II with the Hunting wall-painting belong to Alexander the Great, in the anteroom of the grave III were buried Queen Roxane and her twelve-years old son Alexander IV, while in the chamber of the tomb Philipp’s II bones were laid. Furthermore, the wall-painting in this tomb, representing twenty-one chariots, is related with the battles of Philipp II.