This article deals with the textiles of the nomads, the pilot, the position they had in these people’s life, their mode of manufacturing, way of using and symbolic dimension throughout the centuries, form the Scythians to the nomads of the present Mongolia. The German artist Joseph Beuys has developed an experiential, rich relationship with these textiles. We must point out, however, how different is the approach of an archaeologist from that of an artist: the first approaches knowledge through his methodological instruments, which, the most wiil allow him to treasure is a touch of nostalgia for the different; while the second can adopt the form, the symbols, even the senses in order to express some personal realities.