The Cinema and the world of dreams are related to one another. The ease with which time can be represented by the cinema makes it an ideal medium for the representation of dreams. Although dreams can be about either the immediate or the remote past, dream time is experienced as a fleeting or condensed, perpetual present time. In the 20th century, both metaphysical painting and surrealism in art and in literature attempted to convey the unreal, irrational world of dreams. Towards the end of the 15th century, a Venetian scholar composed an enigmatic and erotic narrative with the title Hypnerotomachia Poliphili, that is Poliphilus’s struggle with love in a dream. The story takes place in an imaginary land of extended, perpetual dream and erotic pagan visions.