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by Archaeology Newsroom

The Greek Influence on Gangudher

The art of Gandhara, the fragrant land in Sanscritic, includes many element that derive from the West, although the contacts of this Asiatic region with the western world have always been a complicated and controversial issue. As a matter of fact, the nature and extent of the western influence o the art of Gandara has arisen ever since it was discovered a fierce debate over a variety of questions: This influence was direct or indirect, it affected only a single art form, it expanded over more ones or did it penetrate all the expressions of the Gandhara art? If it was direct, how was it exercised? How other contemporary civilizations, like the Roman, Byzantine, Scythian, Parthian, Sassanian one, handled the flow of western influence ? What is the chronological framework in which the western affect on Gandhara art must be examined? The answers to these complex and ambiguous questions largely depend on the scholar’s standpoint, whether he is oriented towards the West (Greece and Rome) or the East (India, Persia or Central Asia). Therefore, in spite of the limitations imposed, we try by this article to give some answers, based on the finds brought to light during the excavations at the site Grangudher.