For the occasion of the exhibition “ Greek Watercolours of the 19th and 20th century” at the Koumandareio Art Gallery in Sparta, an educational programme was carried out for pre-school children and pupils from primary and secondary schools. As many of the painters of that period depicted ancient monuments, along with the school curriculum it was decided to teach the three architectural orders of antiquity as well as light and colours as the essentials of painting. Moreover, the technique of watercolour was taught as a practical skill. These educational aims were combined with an introduction to the social and historical background of Sparta and its neoclassical buildings. The programme was based on Howard Gardner’s theory of Multiple Intelligences and on the ideas of the constructivists (Hein, Sotto).