Ancient Larissa, like the present town, occupied the north eastern part of the Thessalic plain close to the bank of Pineios River.Inhabitation of this location has been uninterrupted since the Neolithic period. The hill called “Phrourio” (= castle) used to be the ancient acropolis where the temple of the patron goddess Athena as well as the sanctuaries of various other deities stood. A limited number of architectural remnants, besides the two theaters, have been preserved from the ancient town of Larissa. Nevertheless, quite a few indications, as regards the probable location of public edifices, have resulted from archaeological research. The course of the ancient town walls is considered to be identical with that of the Turkish fortification. The “free” agora coincides with the central square of the present town. The temple of Kerdoos Hermes was probably located at the present square of Ethnarchis Makarios. A great number of the archaeological finds, which come from the excavations of the ancient town and its cemeteries are on display at the local Archaeological Museum of Larissa.