The ATP combines an exemplary museum with a research centre. Such a concept of a museum is lacking in Greece. The museum’s founder G.H. Riviere was the one to also envisage the French Centre of Ethnology which is part of the Management of French Museums and the National Centre for Scientific Research. The twelve storey museum building houses the laboratories and the space devoted to scientific research. The exhibition space covers 6000 square metres on a horizontal axis and is situated on the ground floor and in the basement. The museum’s architect is Debuison, and the great ethnologist Claude Levi-Strauss collaborated on a theoretical level. Special programmes support the museum’s educational function. Its Cultural Gallery reflecting Claude Levi-Stauss’s structuralistic approach, addresses the general public. The Scientific Gallery, organized in a “classical” manner addresses the specialists.