The knowledge of monuments and their essential relationship with people, which however requires a proper education, is necessary in order their role in society to be better understood. The evaluation of their significance will thus affect both the quality of life and the destiny of the monuments themselves. Therefore, education is asked to undertake a crucial responsibility towards the realization of this pursuit, and has to commence its efforts already from its early grades. The protection and elevation of the monuments by the state is not sufficient, if the citizens do not consciously participate in the actual protection and “use” of the monuments of their cultural heritage. The creation of a closer relationship between monuments and education -especially the Elementary one— will not only turn to the profit of the monuments but also to that of the educational procedure; the latter can approach the monuments as a factor which can make teaching much more interesting and effective, provided that the proper knowledge for their utilization is available. The key for all these educational potentialities that the monuments can supply is the efficient preparation and training of the teachers during their university studies.