Although no systematic archaeological research exists, chopped stone implements have been repeatedly surveyed on Zakynthos, specifically from the Basiliko peninsula, by geologists who visited the island occasionally. The location of an open-air site at Hagios Nikolaos recently, a community of Basiliko, supported the argument that Zakynthos had already been inhabited since the Middle Palaeolithic. The identification of the character of this site -a workshop of raw material- comes to elucidate one of the most interesting expressions of Palaeolithic man, that of his behaviour and adjustement to the natural enviroment.