Very few efforts have been made in Greece for the effective illustration of school-books and especially of those on History and Ancient Greek Literature. The illustration of these books, lacking a scientific approach of the subject, appears improvised and presents a number of deficiencies which can be summarized as follows: the visual material is not coherent, since the text in itself has an, incomplete structure; the photographs lack any artistic quality; the information concerning the illustrations is incomplete. As a result, the combined defects of text and illustration, which create an old-fashioned and hectic picture of Antiquity, do not attract the students’ interest. Thus, they remain pathetic and discontent as regards the values and qualities of a historic period which seems to them so distant, incomprehensible and alienated.