Its unique cultural features are what make the city of Athens as important and prestigious as Rome or Constantinople. Where other cities of Central Europe try to stress such features in every way, for the Greeks this is an endowed heritage and the reason for Athens becoming the capital of Greeece in our times. The promotion of this cultural identity has recently become a major issue. The vague schema for the unification of archaeological sites, parks, monumental complexes and reforestrated hills in the center of the city, thus creating a “Cultural Park” is consistently mentioned, but what is concealed is that this idea is not new at all. The main concept of the cultural park lies in the combination of maximum promotion of culture with the optimum familiarization of both Athenians and foreign visitors with the old city’s complex of parks and archaeological sites. This combination seems desirable, but its realization encounters serious obstacles, mainly town-planning ones. The transformation of the Dionysios Areopagitis-Apostolos Pavlos axis to a pedestrian zone is being discussed now for over a decade, although it is not clear what the best choice would be, making the area a pedestrian precinct, the gradual suppression of traffic or replacement by another network of pedestrian areas? The architectural competition, under the auspices of the Ministry of Environment, will most probably supply the best of answers to this question about the future of the historic boulevard.