It is well documented that Philip II of Macedonia was severely wounded in the thigh during an attack on the Triballoi in 339 BC and since then was lame.

In the Royal tomb at Vergina the pair of gilded greaves found showed differences in size (the left 3,5 shorter}. A shortness of leg cannot be easily explained by a thigh injury and professor Manolis Andronikos proved that the tomb belonged to Philip without using as evidence the difference in length of greaves in relation to the lameness of the King. It is suggested that an injury in the thigh may result in a posterior dislocation of the knee, which consequently results in a shortness of the leg without any direct wound of the latter. This produces a limp but the patient may walk and work without the help of a stick.