The article consists of two parts. In the first the theoretical background that will define the reading of literature is set, by reading in parallel Artemidoros’ Oneirokritika (2nd c. AD) and Sigmund Freud’s Die Traumdeutung (1900), on the basis of three notions: the notion of loss that leads to the distinction between the outer and the inner reality; the notion of analogy between the world of dreams, the product of sleep, and that of alert life, and therefore to the proportional relationship, characteristic of the oneiric pictures and the oneiric narration; and the notion of time, since both works project the text of the dream -not its pictures- in a time different from that of its experience and substantiate the notion of time difference.

In the second part Vizyenos’ and Papadiamandis1 texts are presented, in which the dreams, on the basis of loss, analogy and time difference, create an alternative narrative space and build up the otherness: they break down the realistic conventions, overthrow the consequence of narration and propose the unreal, but in real terms.