For millenniums the bow has served as the most effective weapon for hunters and fighters. Its technical improvements and special use, as they are reported in time, reflect the specific needs of its users. From the last phases of the Late Paleolithic age to the introduction of fire arms in the sixteenth century, the bow has been worldwide not only a basic hunting weapon, but also an irreplaceable war machine. It has been established that many ancient civilizations used the bow, while the thorough study of its morphological evolution is a way of approaching certain practical needs of the people who used it. A means of survival, war machine, power symbol and an Olympic game in our time, the bow, in spite of its evolution, still remains a beloved children’s toy, and its continuous use has made it an instrument of perennial value.