Seals in the form of a cylinder, with carved letters and representations of different things covering their surface, are rare and isolated finds in Greece. They are products that come mainly from the countries of Mesopotamia and are related to the names of the kings of Babylonia. Therefore, we were astounded when about forty seal-cylinders of lapis lazuli, a mineral originating from the eastern Afghanistan plateaus, were found during the excavation of a certain lot in Thebes in the Fall of 1963.