Simplicity and popular wisdom have dictated the formation and layout of the traditional house of Lemnos, a type of dwelling that has been adopted throughout the rural settlements and villages of the island and belongs to the broader rural architecture of Greece. It is a one or two-storied house with an oblong groundplan, built with visible stone masonry and topped with a double-sloping tiled roof. The Lemnian peasant -usually a farmer and cattle-breeder- in his role of architect has created the proper structure and layout for meeting his everyday needs. By composing his dwelling with simplicity and harmony, he has achieved a purely functional result, which could very well serve as a source of inspiration for contemporary architecture.