MPs from various parties in the UK are preparing a bill with the aim of returning the Parthenon Marbles, the so-called Elgin Marbles, to Greece. The 2,500-year-old sculptures are on display at the British Museum. The other half surviving sculptures from the Parthenon are at the Acropolis Museum, Athens, Greece. The Parthenon Sculptures bill will be introduced by Liberal Democrat MP Mark Williams and will be backed by other MPs from Conservative, Labour, SNP and Plaid Cymru. The initiative is thought to offer the option of a better deal during the Brexit talks with the EU.
Williams proposes that the Parliament should annul the acquisition of the Sculptures on the 200th anniversary of the British Government’s decision to buy them. The marbles were acquired by Scottish diplomat Thomas Bruce, the seventh Earl of Elgin, while Greece was under Ottoman rule, and later bought by the British Government on 11 July, 1816. For decades the issue has been dividing authorities, with the British Government and the British Museum not wanting to give away the marbles and Greece along with international supporters backing the reunification of the sculptures from the Parthenon.
According to Andrew George, chair of the British Association for the Reunification of the Parthenon Sculptures, the marbles were a national symbol of Greece. He stressed that they are among the most remarkable antiquities on the globe and they should be in one place, where people can see them as a whole. He also said that the marbles could help negotiate a decent trade deal with the EU after the Brexit decision.
Many British people also support the reunification of the marbles, polls have shown.
Professor Athanasios Nakasis, president of the Hellenic branch of the International Council On Monuments and Sites, the reunification of the marbles would be significant for Greeks but also for the entire world, since it would promote the integrity of monuments, both internally and with respect to their historical contexts.
The British Museum claims that the Parthenon Sculptures are part of the world’s shared heritage, and that the ones in Athens offer a view in the context of ancient Greek and Athenian history, while the ones in London offer “an important representation of ancient Athenian civilisation in the context of world history.”
The reunification of the Parthenon Sculptures requires an Act of Parliament to change the laws governing the British Museum.