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News: Protection of Cultural Heritage
Michelangelos’s Madonna of Bruges during recovery from the Altaussee salt mine, in 1945. Bundesdenkmalamt Wien. Public Domain.
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by Archaeology Newsroom

Training the next generation of Monuments Men and Women

Historic agreement signed between Smithsonian and the U.S. Army

The Smithsonian Cultural Rescue Initiative (SCRI) and the U.S. Army Civil Affairs and Psychological Operations Command (USACAPOC) based at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, announced an agreement to train and support U.S. military personnel working to protect cultural property during armed conflict. The new personnel will continue the legacy of the World War II Monuments Men and Women—a group of curators, architects and other cultural heritage specialists who served in the Army Civil Affairs Division to save many of Europe’s cultural treasures.

A signing ceremony took place Oct. 21 at the Smithsonian’s Archives of American Art in Washington, D.C. Archives director Kate Haw was joined by Richard Kurin, Smithsonian distinguished scholar and ambassador-at-large, and Brig. Gen. Jeffrey C. Coggin, deputy commanding general of USACAPOC, who signed the agreement.

The Archives of American Art is the repository for many of the personal papers and artifacts of the WWII Monuments Men. Participants of the German/American Provenance Research Exchange Program (PREP) attended the signing ceremony. PREP brings together museum professionals from both sides of the Atlantic who specialize in WWII-era provenance research and continuing issues from Holocaust-era art looting. They were joined by world-renowned historian Lynn Nicholas, author of The Rape of Europa, the Fate of Europe’s Treasures in the Third Reich and the Second World War, the seminal work on the Monuments Men.

“We are fortunate to have the MOU signing at the Archives of American Art, the repository for many of the papers and artifacts of the WWII Monuments Men,” said Cori Wegener, director of SCRI and a retired Army Reserve officer who served as a Civil Affairs Arts, Monuments, and Archives officer in Iraq. “It reminds us of our country’s important legacy in protecting cultural heritage in wartime.”

NOTES
1. Smithsonian