The Foreign Relations of the “Hyksos”
Patrick E. McGovern
21 Dec 2020by Archaeology Newsroom
Patrick E. McGovern, The Foreign Relations of the “Hyksos”, A neutron activation study of Middle Bronze Age pottery from the Eastern Mediterranean, With a contribution by Tine Bagh. BAR Publishing, 2000 [re-published with a 2020 update]. Paperback, 260 pp, 1 color plate, 17 black and white plates, 29 figures, 46 tables ISBN 9781841710884, ISBN 10 1841710881 This volume constitutes the largest, most focused chemical study of ancient pottery ever undertaken for the Old World. It demonstrates that the enigmatic “Hyksos” of Egyptian history and legend most likely immigrated into the Nile Delta from the Gaza region of southern Palestine. Their higher socio-economic status at their new-found capital of Avaris, from which they ruled Egypt for more than a century (ca. 1650-1550 B.C.), is evidenced by the massive importation of goods from their Gaza homeland, including resinated wine, and by the wholesale transplantation of burial, religious, technological, and culinary traditions as reflected in foreign pottery types. Less intense contacts with Middle Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Crete, and Cyprus are also documented in this investigation.