Within the framework of the academic course of Enviromental Archaeology the fourth-year students of the Archaeology Department of Athens University visited the Neolithic settlement Pousi Kalogeri which lies in the Mesogheia plain in Attica; the area has been excavated by the personnel of the Second Ephorate of Classical and Prehistoric Antiquities, under the scientific supervision of Ms. Clairie Efstratiou. The purpose of the visit on the one hand was to investigate the relation between man and his enviroment; and on the other to define how an archaeologist can solve, to a certain extend, the various problems of an excavation by using enviromental methods and utilizing the relevant knowledge. Thus, an attempt was made the necessity of a specialized enviromental research, an indispensable element for the complete apprehension of the past, to be fully comprehended.