The article examines the large issue of symbols and symbolisms in folk art, with special reference to the traditional costume. The case of the apron from the female costume of the Sarakatsani of Greece has been chosen as a representative example. Thus, the symbols decorating this apron – crosses, snakes, the sun, the moon, flora motives – and their symbolism are examined, and general conclusions are drawn regarding the role of symbols in the embellishment of the Greek traditional costume and in the culture of Greeks in general. The case of the aforementioned apron can then serve as a model for similar approaches to the symbolical dimension of the decorative repertoire that adorns Ihe traditional Greek costume, and as such it is treated here.